At a Glance


Food Services

Project Types

Clean and Renewable Energy, Engagement and Behavior Change, Goals/Targets, Supply Chain






Anjan Das helped Nestle to calculate GHG emissions from tea, milk, and cocoa, and find solutions for reducing emissions through improved procedures and clean renewable energy.


  • Calculate and compare the greenhouse gas emission practices on Nestle-sponsored tea, cocoa, and milk farms to those on other farms.
  • Learn about reducing emissions and the regulations that control them to develop emission-reduction strategies. Carbon sequestration by agricultural trees and soil organic carbon calculation and the parameters which govern emissions and sinks. Crops for nutritious fodder to dairy animals with high carbon sequestration potential.
  • Explore Solar, biofuel, and bio-digester purchases as well as Indian organizations that validate emissions. 


For Tea and Cocoa, Inorganic fertilizers contributed the most to tea estates when the GHG emissions were calculated using the US Environmental Protection Agency's emission parameters. As a result, bio-organic fertilizer and a trench management system have been proposed to solve the tea estates that supply Nestle, improving current conditions. The Perennial Crop Expansion approach has been submitted for cocoa.

For Fresh Milk, we calculated the GHG emissions in Milk by taking primary data over phone calls. Vendors across the country were contacted to learn about the types of bio-digesters and other technologies used in Indian dairy farms and to understand their respective benefits. We did the cost-benefit analysis for all the recommendations on MS Excel. Carbon Check India and KBS certification verify the GHG emissions in India.

Potential Impact

For Tea and Cocoa, the current condition in tea plantations can improve by using the bio-organic fertilizer and trench management system. It will also reduce inorganic fertilizer-related GHG emissions. Based on the several suggested techniques of perennial crop extension, cocoa farms can cut GHG emissions and increase dry fermented beans' annual harvest.

For Fresh Milk, energy consumptions by dairy farms associated with Nestle were computed. Installation of Biodigester (with genset for electricity production) were recommended which has a potential to significantly reduced GHG emissions. Also, more heat detection and health monitoring systems were recommended which can support dairy farmers in preventing a lot of disease and other issues, which would affect animal productivity. This would help farmers to save money and reduce their cost of production.

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